Govind Ballabh Pant Social Science Institute
Govind Ballabh Pant Social Science Institute
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The Department of Science and Technology has taken a lead in developing NRDMS Centres (Natural Resources Data Management System) in several states. It is offered as a spatial decision support tool for micro level planning in view of the Seventy Third and Seventy fourth Amendments of the Constitution. The NRDMS database contains data on natural resources, demography, agro & socio economy as well as infrastructural facilities. These data, though, important for taking planning decisions are inadequate and need to be complemented with human and social resources data bases, in the absence of which most planning decisions may miss the target. In fact, several agencies at the national, state and district levels collect data on social and economic indicators. These data, however, never get integrated on one platform and do not feed in to the decisions making process as much as they ought to. Data available on human resources similarly do not go beyond levels of literacy and provide no profiling of skills and competencies or knowledge base of the community. Human & Social Resources Data Management System (HSRDMS) is expected to bridge this vital gap and facilitate in accelerating human and social development.

The major objectives of the HSRDMS programme will be as follows:

  • To develop a conceptual system for profiling of human and social resources for various spatial (planning) units.

  • To develop methodologies for integrating quantitative as well as qualitative data.

  • To provide diagnostic tools for assessing these spatial regions where natural resources and their utilization may be out of sync with human and social resources

  • To develop models of Natural Resources Use and depletion in the context of Human and Social resources

  • To offer techniques, methodologies and software for generation and analysis of Human and Social resources data and its overall management.

  • To sensitize planners, policy makers and others and to enable them to develop culturally appropriate development plans and strategies in the context of available human and social resources.

  • To monitor and assess the status of the development of human and social capital

  • To develop linkages with the NRDMS Centres, NIC, NSS and other organizations collecting such data at the district, block and village levels.

  • To make available the human and social resources database to researchers concerned with the study of social, cultural, political and economic development and change.


Some possible themes around which HSRDMS database is built are :


(A) Knowledge: Indigenous; global about physical (e.g. Agriculture, Environment, Health, Industry, etc.), psychological, cultural, social and economic domains

(B) Competencies:

  1. Intellectual (Innovation, Decision making, Strategic perspective taking, Aptitude, cognitive Complexity, etc.

  2. Interpersonal (Communication, Adaptability, Flexibility, etc.)

  3. Motivational (Initiative, Drive, Risk taking, Resilience, Persistence, etc.)

  4. Emotional (Equipoise/Balance; Maturity; Stress resistance, etc.)

(C) Skills: Ability to apply knowledge to specific problems in different domains of economic, political and social life. One is slightly more concerned with mapping of skills in the production domains in the context of available technologies.

(D) Values and Attitudes: are important drivers of competency along with knowledge and skills and of social commitment.

(E) Power and Influence : The degree to which it is possible to use various levels of power to influence decision making in one’s own on community’s favor.


(A) Indigenous Knowledge System (Agriculture; Health & Healing; Environment, etc.)

(B) Infrastructural Facilities (Housing; Schools and Colleges; PHCs and Hospitals; Public Healths; Transport; Telecommunication; financial Institutions; Energy type & use)

(C) Social Networks (Religious and Cultural Organizations; Mahila and other Mandalies; Other kinds of social groups, etc.)

(D) Community Organizations (Cooperatives; SHGs; Caste and Other Panchayats; NGOs; Neighbourhood clubs)

(E) Freedom (Levels of Education; Participation in elections PRIs; social Control, structures of conflict resolution)

(F) Social Structure (Caste and other groups; Family types; Occupations; social Hierarchy; Bases of Power)

(G) Health (Nutritional Status; Immunization; Disease types; Frequency of diseases; Infant mortality; Life Expectancy, etc.)

(H) Community Resources (Water; Sanitation; Energy; Living; and Parks; etc.)

(I) Cultural (Rites and Rituals; Music & Crafts; Fairs; Identity; Language & Literature; Beliefs; Practices)

(J) Market & Industry (Nature & Types)

(K) Gender (Ratio; Educational and Employment Status; Crime against women; Dowry; Share in property; etc.)

(L) Livelihood Activities : (Farm sector; Non Farm Sector; Organized and Informal sector; Income Levels;

(M) Natural Resources (Land & Soil Water; climate; forest & Wild life; Mineral and other resources, etc.)

(N) Constraints & Impediments ( Crime; Poor Law and Order; Corruption; Inefficiency Services/Organizations

(O) Technology (Awareness; Access; Expertise; Level of Technology; appropriate Technology)

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